Glaphyra is the daughter of King of Cappadocia and was married to Alexander, the son of Herod the Great in 18BC by Augustus Caesar. Although of Greek, Armenian and Persian descent, she converted to the Jewish religion. That Glaphyra had two sons followed by a daughter is confirmed by Josephus 17.1.2 ("Alexander had two sons by Glaphyra") and 17.13.1 ("Alexander had three children by her).
In 7BC Herod suspected both of his sons Alexander and Aristobulus of treason and hanged them. After Herod the Great's death, Archelaus the son of Herod the Great and Malthace would be made Ethnarch of Judea . He was married to Mariamme, the youngest daughter of Aristobulus.
Archelaus fell in lust with Glaphyra and here is what Josephus says about this:
Josephus Antiquities 17.8.4 "The like accident befell Glaphyra his wife, who was the daughter of king Archelaus, who, as I said before, was married, while she was a virgin, to Alexander, the son of Herod, and brother of Archelaus; but since it fell out so that Alexander was slain by his father, she was married to Juba, the king of Libya; and when he was dead, and she lived in widowhood in Cappadocia with her father, Archelaus divorced his former wife Mariamne, and married her, so great was his affection for this Glaphyra; who, during her marriage to him, saw the following dream: She thought she saw Alexander standing by her, at which she rejoiced, and embraced him with great affection; but that he complained o her, and said, O Glaphyra! thou provest that saying to be true, which assures us that women are not to be trusted. Didst not thou pledge thy faith to me? and wast not thou married to me when thou wast a virgin? and had we not children between us? Yet hast thou forgotten the affection I bare to thee, out of a desire of a second husband. Nor hast thou been satisfied with that injury thou didst me, but thou hast been so bold as to procure thee a third husband to lie by thee, and in an indecent and imprudent manner hast entered into my house, and hast been married to Archelaus, thy husband and my brother. However, I will not forget thy former kind affection for me, but will set thee free from every such reproachful action, and cause thee to be mine again, as thou once wast. When she had related this to her female companions, in a few days' time she departed this life., Josephus gives a story about Glaphyra which claims that she married Juba II after Alexander's death then shortly after this Juba dies and she married Archelaus shortly before 6AD which violated Jewish law because she had children with Alexander. Then her guilt about this caused her to die."
All of these events in Josephus are lies (nevertheless he has highlighted Glaphyra because of her importance to Herodian Church):
- Juba lived until 23AD
- His wife Cleopatra Selene II, daughter of Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman triumvir Mark Antony appeared on coins up until 17AD.
- Although there is an inscription from Athens, Greece: "The leaders and people honor Queen Glaphyra daughter of King Archelaus and wife of King Juba on the account of her virtue" and yet no inscription of Glaphyra in Juba's kingdom of Libya, it must be assumed that her virtue was being extolled by generous contribution and that they were whoring about.
- Archelaus, the Ethnarch of Judea, was deposed by Augustus Caesar and exiled to Vienne in 6AD and it is doubtful that Glaphyra would have accompanied him and more likely that she did not marry him, but was whoring with him also. (The phrase "lived in widowhood" is code for being Mother Superior as did Helena, Simon Magus' consort.)
The association of Glaphyra with whoring is intriguing as this would also be leveled against Helena, the consort of Simon Magus, and Bernice, the daughter of King Herod Agrippa and called the "Great Whore of Babylon" , both were Mother Superiors of the Asher Herodian convent. In closer examination of the parable of the Prodigal Son, Theudas, can be seen associating with harlots when Judas the Galilean established Qumran as headquarters for his revolt against Rome. This reference clearly relates to Glaphyra as the Mother Superior at that time. (Although they are referred to as harlots, they were not mere street-walkers but classified as Hetaera, in fact the grandmother of Glaphyra, also called Glaphyra, was a Hetaera became one of the mistresses to the Roman Triumvir Mark Antony gaining the kingdom for her son who became the King of Cappadocia.
The Hetaera were not adverse to capturing the super elites with their sexual wiles as Cleopatra did with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony: Glaphyra with Juba II, Helena with Simon Magus, and Bernice with the Emperor Titus.) Josephus saying that she died because of her guilt was probably some sort of excommunication that could easily be lifted. (See Peter kills Ananias (Simon Magus) and Sapphira (Helena) because they held back money to the Church.)
(Augustus’ daughter Julia, the mother of James and John was once asked how she could be so active in extra-marital affairs and yet all her children looked like Agrippa (her husband). She answered that once you are already pregnant it was safe to play around.)
Bernice, the Mother Superior, during the ministry of Peter and Paul used the Nazarite vows to clear her sins shown in shown in:
Josephus Wars of the Jews 2.15.1: "About this very time king Agrippa was going to Alexandria, to congratulate Alexander upon his having obtained the government of Egypt from Nero; but as his sister Bernice was come to Jerusalem, and saw the wicked practices of the soldiers, she was sorely affected at it, and frequently sent the masters of her horse and her guards to Florus, and begged of him to leave off these slaughters; but he would not comply with her request, nor have any regard either to the multitude of those already slain, or to the nobility of her that interceded, but only to the advantage he should make by this plundering; nay, this violence of the soldiers brake out to such a degree of madness, that it spent itself on the queen herself; for they did not only torment and destroy those whom they had caught under her very eyes, but indeed had killed herself also, unless she had prevented them by flying to the palace, and had staid there all night with her guards, which she had about her for fear of an insult from the soldiers. Now she dwelt then at Jerusalem, in order to perform a vow which she had made to God; for it is usual with those that had been either afflicted with a distemper, or with any other distresses, to make vows; and for thirty days before they are to offer their sacrifices, to abstain from wine, and to shave the hair of their head. Which things Bernice was now performing, and stood barefoot before Florus's tribunal, and besought him [to spare the Jews]. Yet could she neither have any reverence paid to her, nor could she escape without some danger of being slain herself."
Clearly, Glaphyra was Mother Superior as Bernice was and it would be logical to assume that Peter had married Glaphyra's daughter, making Glaphyra his mother-in-law. This healing by Jesus, in addition to a raising of status, would also be an absolution of sin prior to her impending death. The presence of James and John would indicate that their step-mother Helena would be taking her place.
(This can be shown in the Clementines.)
Since Glaphyra was disliked by Herod's family, it is quite likely that her daughter would have been an outcaste and Peter, like many of the other disciples, could have been a freedman of the Herods serving Glaphyra with Andrew being a freedman from Glaphyra's home country of Cappadocia, thus his non-Jewish name. (This can be supported by the fact that Peter first Epistle (1 Peter) was addressed to Cappadocia.)
In the Acts of Peter: Peter's daughter, a virgin (metaphorically 'crippled') is called Petronilla . Tradition says she was a martyr and was buried in the Catacomb of Domitilla, indicating that she must have been adopted by Flavian Family who were related to Clement, who later became Pope. This supports Peter's connection with the Herods and the Roman royal families.